Explore Cultural Features of South Korea

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Cultural features of South Korea

Kimchi, Gimbap and Hanbok are some of the things that remind us of South Korea with unique cultures. In this article, we would like provide you with cultural features of South Korea. If having an occasion to visit South Korea, it is certain that you will become excited about these unique things.

Hanbok – Traditional costume

Hanbok – the colorful national costume is a typical example of Korean cultures. For women, Hanbok consists of a long skirt and a bolero jacket with brilliant, eye-catching colors. For men, Hanbok simply includes a jacket and pants. This national costume can be accompanied by an overcoat with similar designs. In the past, this is the main costume of the Korean people. Nowadays, Hanbok is often used in the traditional holidays.

Hanbok
Hanbok

Kimchi and Bulgogi – typical Korean cuisine

South Korea is well known as the land of Kimchi. It can be said that Korean cultures become increasingly popular largely due to Kimchi, which is the national food with the pungent taste that is ideal for the cold weather in South Korea. Kimchi is a popular dish for almost all the Korean people and has a tendency to be introduced into other countries. The main ingredients for kimchi are napa cabbage and chili powder. Besides kimchi, Bulgogi is also one of the favorite Korean food. On Korean films, we can easily see the images that show the passionate love for these two dishes.

Bulgogi - Korean cuisine
Bulgogi – Korean cuisine

Ginseng and Lingzhi mushroom – nutritious remedies

Korean cultures also have been famous for two rare medicines of Ginseng and Lingzhi for many years. Bringing characteristic conditions of the temperate climate, South Korea has the cool weather around the year, which is consistent with the proliferation of ginseng and lingzhi. In fact, the two plants are grown in large quantities in South Korea. Ginseng and lingzhi are two nutritious remedies and core elements of Oriental Medicine. However, in South Korea, ginseng is widely used in daily life. In particular, it is used for making tea or making wine. In addition, Korean ginseng and lingzhi mushroom are exported to many countries.

Lingzhi mushroom
Lingzhi mushroom

Korean script

The Korean alphabet features simple and short hieroglyphics. As a result, the basic education in Korea has been significantly improved and the illiteracy rate here is almost eliminated. In addition, overseas students in Korea do not have so many difficulties in learning the Korean language. For this reason, many Asian students such as Vietnam choose to study in South Korea because learning the Korean language is easier than other languages such as Chinese, Japanese, Russian and English.

Korean alphabet
Korean alphabet

Natural landscape

If Japan is famous for the majestic Mount Fuji; the imposing Seoraksan mountain is one of the symbols of Korean cultures. This is an impressive landmark that South Korea is given by nature. The highest peak is measured over 1700 meters above sea level. The forest has a large area and a mixed population of many plants and animals.

Seoraksan mountain
Seoraksan mountain

Traditional musical instruments

Korean culture is associated with two traditional instruments, namely, the Gayageum with 12 strings and the Geomungo with 6 strings, which have been used since the sixth century and handed down by Korean artists from generation to generation.

Korean musical instrument
Korean musical instrument

Traditional decorative pattern

This is also one of the characteristics of Korean culture in association with the ancient tradition of the people here. The most famous one is the traditional decorative pattern on the roofs of buildings (Dangcheong). The decoration of Dangcheong uses five main colors including red, blue, black, yellow and white to express the essence of art in every detail, which bears the Korean style. We can see this decorative pattern in any traditional houses or temples throughout South Korea.

Dangcheong
Dangcheong

Traditional festivals

Each country has its own traditional festivals associated with the national culture. In South Korea, there are quite a few impressive traditional festivals:

Hwaseong Suwon Cultural Festival
Hwaseong Suwon Cultural Festival
  • Hwaseong Suwon Cultural Festival is held in Suwon City, Gyeonggi Province in October every year on the occasion of Suwon Citizen.
  • Sancheoneo Hwacheon Ice Festival lasts from 4th to 26th of January in Hwacheon district, Gangwon province.
  • Taebaeksan Snow Mountain Festival┬átakes place from 17th to 26th January in Danggol Square, Taebaeksan Park, Gangwon Province.
  • Jeji Fire Festival is held in winter in Korea, particularly, from 7th to 9th March. Jeju Fire Festival is the ritual to pray for good health and crops of the next year.
  • Jeju Cherry Blossom Festival takes place in April every year in the Seogwipo city center and the Sports Complex.

In conclusion, South Korea is home to various characteristic Korean cultures and the national traditions. If you love Korean cultures and want to experience this land, please seek an opportunity to study and work here or simply take a Korean trip.