In the process of industrialization and modernization, the green on the earth has been increasingly taken away. However, in these days, a lot of huge forests still exist as the green lung for the planet. Following is the list of largest natural forests in the world.
Mindo-Nambillo Cloud Forest, Ecuador
Mindo – Nambillo is a cloud forest, humid and chilly forest that has the high humidity and coldness compared to other tropical forests. This forest is located in Ecuador with an area of 192 square kilometers and near the vast Amazon. Covering a large area and owning the diverse geology, the Mindo-Nambillo forest has the high biological diversity with over 1,600 different types of birds, amphibians and animals.
Kinabalu National Park – Malaysia
Kinabalu national park is the first national park of Malaysia and also the first site to be recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The area of the whole park is 754 square kilometers, which is larger than the area of Singapore. The park is surrounded by Mount Kinabalu, the highest mountain in Southeast Asia. Kinabalu park is considered to be one of the most important ecological zones in the world with over 4,500 different species.
Daintree Forest, Australia
Surrounding the northeastern border of Queensland state and lying along the bank of the Daintree river, Daintree forest is the largest forest in Australia that covers an area of over 1,200 square kilometers. The Daintree tropical forest has been in existence for over 110 million years and considered the oldest tropical forest on the Earth. In terms of biodiversity, there are more than 90% of rats and butterflies and 10,000 other insect species living in this forest. Besides, many types of amphibians and birds take up residence here.
Xishuangbanna Tropical Rainforest, China
Xishuangbanna tropical rainforest is a part of Yunnan, China and covers an area of 2,402 square kilometers. It is one of the tropical monsoon rainforests in the best state of conservation in the world. This tropical rainforest contains at least 8 groups of plants, 58 species of which are considered to be rare. In terms of science, Xishuangbanna forest is of enormous significance because its rich flora is regarded as the important genebank.
Sundarbans mangrove forest, Bangladesh, India
Sandarbans has an area of more than 10,000 square kilometers, which makes up a large area of Bangladesh and a part of India and is located along Bengal Bay. Recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, Sundarbans is the largest mangrove in the world. Here there are about 64 types of plants, most of which are able to adapt to the wetland. In particular, Sundarbans is home to the Bengal tiger, the largest tiger that has been preserved in the world. In India, the Sundarbans is a national park, tiger and biosphere reserve. In Bangladesh, the Sundarbans is the protected forest.
Tongass Forest – North America
Tongass is a temperate rainforest located in the southeast of Alaska, USA and the largest forest in the United States with an area of 68,062 square kilometers. The forest is almost covered with red cedars and spruces and hemlocks. Due to its remote location, Tongass is home to some of the most precious plants and endangered species in the world. The entire Tongass is divided into 19 different wilderness reserves.
Valdivian temperate rainforest, South America
With an area of 248,100 square kilometers, Valdivian forest is larger than the total area of England and Northern Ireland. This forest encompasses a huge area on the western shore of the South America, Chile and a part of Argentina. The vegetation in Valdivian mainly includes low-bush and young ferns and coniferous trees. About 90% of plant species and 70% of animals in Valdivian are listed among precious and endangered species.
Congolese rainforest, Africa
Congolese rainforest has an area of 2,023,428 square kilometers and is a primeval forest of the Congolese river valley of Africa. It is also the second largest jungle in the world, ranked after the Amazon forest. More than 10,000 plant species have been discovered in the Congolese rainforest and 29% of them are typical indigenous species. There are over 1,000 species of birds, 500 species of mammals and 500 species of fish. Congolese rainforest is also a contributor to the balance of nature on the Earth. However, nowadays, Congolese forest is severely affected by the human.
The above-mentioned forests play a key role in regulating the global climate. However, these forests and ecosystems are being destroyed by humans. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen and promote the awareness of forest protection throughout the world.